Paper as a building material
Natural materials such as wood or paper have been used in the building industry and architecture for thousands of years and still play an important role in modern building and interior constructions. Examples range from plywood slabs and gypsum fibreboards to laminates. The available products are mainly based on the experience of the manufacturers. In this context, paper offers excellent potential for bio-based applications in the building industry and architecture. It is inexpensive to produce, consists mainly of renewable raw material, offers very good strength properties in relation to its own weight, can be produced as a sheet material but also with a high porosity or even as a foam and it is relatively easy to chemically functionalize the fibres.
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